For many people, the first foray into creating income from real estate comes from renting out a home they already own. Life changes and economic conditions can quickly turn homeowners into landlords. But making that shift successfully requires re-thinking your role and your relationship to the property.
Change Your Insurance
If you decide to rent out a home that once was your primary residence, an important first step is to switch from a standard homeowner’s policy to rental home insurance. This covers the property itself and provides liability protection, but it doesn’t cover possessions, furnishings and the like. That becomes the responsibility of tenants, who can get renter’s insurance to protect any possessions they bring onto the property.
Close Out Utility Company Accounts
Although some landlords choose to cover certain utilities, that usually happens with a multi-unit property. Before renting out a house, though, it’s important to ensure that you’ve closed out any utility accounts held in your name. Tenants will need to start their own utility services so that the new landlord isn’t held responsible for missed bills.
Prepare to Deal With Tenants
One of the most daunting tasks facing new landlords is actually renting out the property. It may be simple to advertise the house for rent, but then come steps like screening tenants and finalizing the lease agreement. Inexperienced landlords may fail to screen tenants carefully, or leave important clauses out of the lease or rental agreement. Getting the help of a real estate professional or even a lawyer to create a good rental agreement can help forestall issues down the line.
Plan for Tax Time
As a rental property owner, you’ll be reporting rental income on your taxes. But you’ll also be reporting a variety of deductible expenses. Although tax laws are subject to change, the long list of deductibles begins with your mortgage interest and includes such expenditures as real estate taxes, costs of advertising the house for rent, travel, accounting and depreciation on the house. Repairs and renovations can also be deducted under certain circumstances. And you can also deduct expenses related to your home office, which brings us to the last point:
Think Like a Professional
If you’ve made the shift from homeowner to landlord, you now have a business, so it’s important to see your income property in that light. Even if you choose to outsource aspects of managing the property to a management company, you’re still the one in charge. Maintaining a home office, keeping goof records and establioshing a businesslike relationship with tenants builds credibility and establishes authority.
Renting out your residence may be a response to unexpected circumstances, or the first step toward an investing career that involves multiple properties, as Jason Hartman recommends. With careful planning, though, learning to think like a landlord can save headaches and open doors to building long term wealth. (Top image:Flickr/goldbeach)
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